Can you get pregnant in premenopause or menopause? Here is the question that many women have in mind but who often do not have the courage to ask their doctor for fear of appearing naive or ignorant.
Yet it is really a difficult question that shakes souls, causes concern and in most cases creates problems in the couple. So let's try to answer the question and try to understand if a statement like this: "I've been in menopause for two years, can I get pregnant?" it can have an affirmative or negative answer to dispel any false myth.
So today's focus will be on fertility in menopause and in the phase that precedes it, the widespread beliefs on the subject, and how to avoid (or encourage) a possible pregnancy over 50.
Menopause and fertility
Let's start from the assumption that the term menopause indicates that stage in which the woman stops being fertile. So the answer to the question “I have been in menopause for two years can I get pregnant?” it is strictly not.
Of course, if you feel you have all the symptoms of pregnancy then it is advisable to do further investigations to understand what they derive from. So you'll need to make sure you're in menopause Truly. As? In the meantime, watch out for the last cycle: do you remember when it happened? If about a year has passed, menopause has certainly arrived for you too.
But there are other symptoms that can help you better understand what stage you are in: hot flashes and sweating, different losses than usual and hormone tests confirm that the estrogen level is falling sharply.
There is no doubt: there is no pregnancy but only an increase in symptoms similar to those that occur during pregnancy that indicate a change in the body that depends on hormones and can therefore confuse you.
Can you get pregnant in premenopause?
We have said that the question "I have been in menopause for two years can I get pregnant" can only have a negative answer. But is the same true for those who are premenopausal?
Premenopause and menopause do not indicate the same stage of women, but they are different phases which also involve different physiological characteristics. Premenopause is the stage before the end of fertility, a sort of transitional period where you begin to feel the classic symptoms of menopause but without being fully in it yet.
In fact, the period still hasn't gone away completely! From this it can be seen that even fertility has not completely disappeared and the possibilities of an unexpected pregnancy are kept alive.
Therefore, the hormones are produced but in ever smaller quantities, decreasing with each passing day also the possibility of becoming pregnant. Fertilization may also occur but without developing to full term due to a low amount of hormone needed to support implantation in the uterus.
At what age can you still get pregnant?
And here other questions also take shape which are easier to answer after having clarified the point relating to fertility in menopause and premenopause.
Can you get pregnant at 57? Absolutely false. Almost certainly the woman at this age has already entered menopause and therefore can no longer have children.
And at 40? Here the discourse changes! Although menopause can occur from the age of 40 onwards, initially you can confuse the two phases and become pregnant because you are still premenopausal.
Between 40 and 50 it depends on the actual phase you are going through. The possibilities exist and therefore until you are sure that you have passed the childbearing age it is always better to continue to protect yourself during the couple's relationships to avoid unwanted pregnancies.
Pregnancy and menopause: how to recognize them?
We know that we will never hear you say "I got pregnant in menopause", but then how to recognize the symptoms of this new phase which can often be confused with pregnancy?
The reason for so much confusion are some mental and physical states that can be similar: mood swings, insomnia, dancing cycle.
In fact they are consequences of both menopause and pregnancy, but there are safe strategies to ascertain the situation and not remain anxious about not knowing what is happening to your body.
The safest method is definitely the pregnancy test and hormone tests. Furthermore, a visit to the gynecologist can clarify these and other doubts to prepare for both possibilities with awareness.
Of course, these are legitimate questions that you need to ask yourself over the age of 40/45 and certainly not in your 30s! In the latter case, the risk of an early menopause is really rare and you have to deal with a possibly unexpected pregnancy.
Menopause, premenopause and pregnancy
So let's try to recap the stages that a woman goes through throughout her life.
First, the female cycle decrees the beginning of fertility and the possibility for the woman, even if very young, to be fecundated and have a child. We start from about 12 years old up to 40/45 and sometimes even 50 years old. Any hormone-related symptoms can only mean that it is time to do appropriate tests to monitor the new state.
Subsequently, from about 40 to 50 years of age, you begin to feel new discomforts in your body that you cannot associate with a precise phase. It means that premenopause has arrived, or that moment in a woman's life when the body warns that it is preparing for a new stage that will determine the end of fertility. But beware, hormones are still being produced, albeit declining, and you can get pregnant at any time because pregnancy may be unlikely but not impossible.
But when you turn 50 and beyond, you have to deal with the real menopause, which won't be long in coming. Now pregnancy is really impossible and therefore any disorder can be traced back to the new phase.
All clear? Obviously it is necessary to remember that every woman goes through her cycle in a different way and therefore there is no single age for all in which these changes take place. For this reason it is always advisable to rely on common sense and consult your doctor to clarify perplexities and doubts and know how to behave, describing all the symptoms well and evaluating together how to solve any discomfort that characterizes each of these phases listed above.